Unprecedented social protests are taking place in Belarus; a tragic explosion in Beirut has caused a deep political conflict and a humanitarian crisis; rising tensions between Turkey and Greece over gas fields in the Eastern Mediterranean. All of these crises challenge, in various ways, the stability and security in the EU’s neighbourhood, requiring adequate responses from the bloc. Has the EU, newly self-defined as a ‘geopolitical’ actor, faced up to the challenge? What is the EU’s leverage in the conflicts of a significant importance for its interests? Is the EU’s unified foreign policy just a pipe dream or the reality?